I saw that the war could not be prevented. The time had passed.
I know that my race must change.
I want the white people to understand my people.
When my young men began the killing, my heart was hurt.
I did not want my people killed. I did not want bloodshed.
We damaged all the big guns we could, and carried away the powder and the lead.
I cannot tell how much my heart suffered for my people while at Leavenworth.
The Indian race are waiting and praying.
I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty.
Words do not pay for my dead people.
I would give up everything rather than have the blood of white men upon the hands of my people.
It required a strong heart to stand up against such talk, but I urged my people to be quiet and not to begin a war.
I labored hard to avoid trouble and bloodshed.
I have heard talk and talk, but nothing is done.
Lawyer acted without authority from our band. He had no right to sell the Wallowa country.